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mkrandpwd_k93


Random Password Generator - Korn Shell 93 Script

As a result of recent IT security requirements imposed upon many businesses, user passwords are typically required to be unintelligible strings of random characters. These random character strings are normally required to contain some predefined minimum number of upper and lower case letters, digits, and/or punctuation symbols. And while it can be argued whether this is a security enhancement or a security hole, since remembering these passwords requires they be written down somewhere, it is not the purpose of this script to validate or invalidate this argument. The purpose of this script is to generate random strings of characters that can be used as secure passwords to comply with IT security requirements.

The reason this script was written was out of frustration in attempting to manually create a string of characters that complies with IT security requirements defining how many letters, digits, and symbols are required in a secure password.

Additionally this script is used as part of an automated process for creating new users and automatically initializing the new users password to a secure and compliant value.


#!/usr/bin/ksh93
################################################################
function usagemsg_mkrandpwd_k93 {
  print "
Program: mkrandpwd_k93

This script generates a random password string

Usage: ${1##*/} [-?] [-vV] [-luadsn] [-m minimum] [-M maximum]
                   [-O minother] [-A minalpha] [-R maxrepeats]
                   [-L minlower] [-U minupper] [-D mindigit]
                   [-S minsymbol]
    Where:
      -l = Convert upper case letters to lower case in random password string.
      -u = Convert lower case letters to upper case in random password string.
      -a = Only return alphabetic characters in random password string.
      -d = Only return numeric digits in random password string.
      -s = Only return punctuation symbols in random password string.
      -n = Only return alphanumeric characters in random password string.

      -m minimum    = Specify the minimum number of characters
                      to be returned in the random password.
                          Default: 8
      -M maximum    = Specify the maximum number of characters
                      to be returned in the random password string.
                          Default: 8
      -O minother   = Specify the minimum number of non-alphabetic
                      characters in the random password.
                          Default: 0
      -A minalpha   = Specify the minimum number of alphabetic
                      characters in the random password.
                          Default: 0
      -L minlower   = Specify the minimum number of lowercase
                      letters in the random password.
                          Default: 0
      -U minupper   = Specify the minimum number of uppercase
                      letters in the random password.
                          Default: 0
      -D mindigit   = Specify the minimum number of numeric digit
                      characters in the random password.
                          Default: 0
      -S minsymbol  = Specify the minimum number of punctuation 
                      symbol characters in the random password.
                          Default: 0
      -R maxrepeats = Specify the maximum number of times a character
                      can be repeated in the random password string.
                          Default: 8

      -v = Verbose mode
      -V = Very Verbose Mode

Example: mkrandpwd_k93

Author: Dana French (dfrench@mtxia.com)
        Copyright 2006 by Dana French

\"AutoContent\" enabled
"
}
################################################################
function mkrandpwd_k93 {
  typeset TRUE="1"
  typeset FALSE="0"
  typeset RETCODE="0"
  typeset VERBOSE="${FALSE}"
  typeset VERYVERB="${FALSE}"
  typeset AONLY="${FALSE}"
  typeset DONLY="${FALSE}"
  typeset NONLY="${FALSE}"
  typeset SONLY="${FALSE}"
  typeset LONLY="${FALSE}"
  typeset UONLY="${FALSE}"
  typeset MINIMUM="8"
  typeset MAXIMUM="${MINIMUM}"
  typeset MAXLEN="8"
  typeset MINOTHER="0"    OTHER="-1"
  typeset MINLOWER="0"    LOWER="-1"
  typeset MINUPPER="0"    UPPER="-1"
  typeset MINALPHA="0"    ALPHA="-1"
  typeset MINDIGIT="0"    DIGIT="-1"
  typeset MINSYMBOL="0"   SYMBOL="-1"
  typeset MAXREPEATS="8"  REPEATS="-1"
  typeset POSCNT
  typeset RANDSTR
  typeset ITERATION="0"

#### 
#### Set the array of valid characters to be all upper and
#### lower case letters, all digits, and a selected set of
#### punctuation symbols.
#### 

  typeset CHARS
  CHARS=( a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z \
          A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z \
          0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 \; \: \. \~ \! \@ \# \$ \% \^ \& \* - + = \? )
  typeset CNUM="${#CHARS[@]}"
  
  while getopts ":vVluadsnm#M#O#A#L#U#D#S#R#" OPTION
  do
    case "${OPTION}" in
      'v') VERBOSE="${TRUE}";;
      'V') VERYVERB="${TRUE}";;
      'm') MINIMUM="${OPTARG}";;
      'M') MAXIMUM="${OPTARG}";;
      'O') MINOTHER="${OPTARG}";;
      'A') MINALPHA="${OPTARG}";;
      'L') MINLOWER="${OPTARG}";;
      'U') MINUPPER="${OPTARG}";;
      'D') MINDIGIT="${OPTARG}";;
      'S') MINSYMBOL="${OPTARG}";;
      'R') MAXREPEATS="${OPTARG}";;
      'l') typeset -l CHARS=( "${CHARS[@]}" )
           LONLY="${TRUE}"
           ;;
      'u') typeset -u CHARS=( "${CHARS[@]}" )
           UONLY="${TRUE}"
           ;;
#### 
#### If the ALPHA ONLY option was selected on the command
#### line, reset the array of valid characters to be a list
#### of upper and lower case letters.
#### 
      'a') AONLY="${TRUE}"
           CHARS=( a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z \
                   A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z )
           (( LONLY == TRUE )) && typeset -l CHARS=( "${CHARS[@]}" )
           (( UONLY == TRUE )) && typeset -u CHARS=( "${CHARS[@]}" )
           typeset CNUM="${#CHARS[@]}"
           ;;
#### 
#### If the DIGITS ONLY option was selected on the command
#### line, reset the array of valid characters to be a list
#### of digits.
#### 
      'd') DONLY="${TRUE}"
           CHARS=( 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 )
           typeset CNUM="${#CHARS[@]}"
           ;;
#### 
#### If the SYMBOLS ONLY option was selected on the command
#### line, reset the array of valid characters to be a list
#### of punctuation symbols.
#### 
      's') SONLY="${TRUE}"
           CHARS=( \; \: \. \~ \! \@ \# \$ \% \^ \& \* - + = \? )
           typeset CNUM="${#CHARS[@]}"
           ;;
#### 
#### If ALPHANUMERIC option was selected on the command line, reset
#### the array of valid characters to be upper and lower case
#### letters, and digits.
#### 
      'n') NONLY="${TRUE}"
           CHARS=( a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z \
                   A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z \
                   0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 )
           (( LONLY == TRUE )) && typeset -l CHARS=( "${CHARS[@]}" )
           (( UONLY == TRUE )) && typeset -u CHARS=( "${CHARS[@]}" )
           typeset CNUM="${#CHARS[@]}"
           ;;
      '?') usagemsg_mkrandpwd_k93 "${0}" && return 1 ;;
      ':') usagemsg_mkrandpwd_k93 "${0}" && return 1 ;;
      '#') usagemsg_mkrandpwd_k93 "${0}" && return 1 ;;
    esac
  done
   
  shift $(( ${OPTIND} - 1 ))
  
################################################################

  trap "usagemsg_mkrandpwd_k93 ${0}" EXIT
  
#### Check to ensure the minimum number of characters allowed
#### in the random password is less than or equal to the maximum.
  
  RETCODE="10"
  if ! (( MINIMUM <= MAXIMUM ))
  then
    print -u 2 "# ERROR: MINIMUM number of characters must be less than or equal to"
    print -u 2 "#        MAXIMUM."
    return ${RETCODE}
  fi
  
#### The minimum number of characters in the password must be
#### greater than or equal to the minimum number of other
#### characters plus the minimum number of alpha characters.
  
  (( ++RETCODE ))
  if ! (( MINIMUM >= ( MINOTHER + MINALPHA ) ))
  then
    print -u 2 "# ERROR: MINIMUM number of characters must be greater than or equal to"
    print -u 2 "#        MINOTHER + MINALPHA."
    return ${RETCODE}
  fi
  
#### The minimum number of characters in the password must be
#### greater than or equal to the sum of the minimum number
#### of lowercase letters, uppercase letters, digits, and
#### symbols.
  
  (( ++RETCODE ))
  if ! (( MINIMUM >= ( MINLOWER + MINUPPER + MINDIGIT + MINSYMBOL ) ))
  then
    print -u 2 "# ERROR: MINIMUM number of characters must be greater than or equal to"
    print -u 2 "#        MINLOWER + MINUPPER + MINDIGIT + MINSYMBOL."
    return ${RETCODE}
  fi
  
#### The minimum number of characters in the password minus
#### the minimum number of other characters must be greater
#### than or equal to the sum of the minimum number of
#### lowercase letters plus the minimum number of uppercase
#### letters.

  (( ++RETCODE ))
  if ! (( ( MINIMUM - MINOTHER ) >= ( MINLOWER + MINUPPER ) ))
  then
    print -u 2 "# ERROR: MINIMUM minus MINOTHER characters must be greater than or equal to"
    print -u 2 "#        MINLOWER + MINUPPER."
    return ${RETCODE}
  fi
  
#### The minimum number of characters in the password minus
#### the minimum number of alphabetic characters must be greater
#### than or equal to the sum of the minimum number of
#### digit characters plus the minimum number of symbol
#### characters.

  (( ++RETCODE ))
  if ! (( ( MINIMUM - MINALPHA ) >= ( MINDIGIT + MINSYMBOL ) ))
  then
    print -u 2 "# ERROR: MINIMUM minus MINALPHA characters must be greater than or equal to"
    print -u 2 "#        MINDIGIT + MINSYMBOL."
    return ${RETCODE}
  fi
  
#### If the minimum number of alphabetic characters was
#### provided on the command line, then the minimum number of
#### alphabetic characters must be greater than or equal to
#### the sum of the minimum number of lowercase characters
#### plus the minimum number of uppercase characters.
  
  (( ++RETCODE ))
  if (( MINALPHA != 0 )) && ! (( MINALPHA >= ( MINLOWER + MINUPPER ) ))
  then
    print -u 2 "# ERROR: MINALPHA number of characters must be greater than or equal to"
    print -u 2 "#        MINLOWER + MINUPPER."
    return ${RETCODE}
  fi

#### If the minimum number of other characters was
#### provided on the command line, then the minimum number of
#### other characters must be greater than or equal to
#### the sum of the minimum number of digits
#### plus the minimum number of symbols.
  
  (( ++RETCODE ))
  if (( MINOTHER != 0 )) && ! (( MINOTHER >= ( MINDIGIT + MINSYMBOL ) ))
  then
    print -u 2 "# ERROR: MINOTHER number of characters must be greater than or equal to"
    print -u 2 "#        MINDIGIT + MINSYMBOL."
    return ${RETCODE}
  fi

#### If the alphabetic only option was selected on the
#### command line, then the minimum number of other
#### characters, the minimum number of digits, and the
#### minimum number of symbols must all be zero (0).
  
  (( ++RETCODE ))
  if (( ( AONLY == TRUE ) && 
     ( MINOTHER  != 0 ||
       MINDIGIT  != 0 ||
       MINSYMBOL != 0 ) ))
  then
    print -u 2 "# ERROR: ALPHA ONLY command line option was selected, therefore"
    print -u 2 "#        MINOTHER, MINDIGIT, AND MINSYMBOL values must be zero."
    return ${RETCODE}
  fi
  
#### If the alphanumeric only option was selected on the
#### command line, then the minimum number of symbols 
#### must be zero (0).
  
  (( ++RETCODE ))
  if (( ( NONLY == TRUE ) && ( MINSYMBOL != 0 ) ))
  then
    print -u 2 "# ERROR: ALPHANUMERIC ONLY command line option was selected, therefore"
    print -u 2 "#        MINSYMBOL value must be zero."
    return ${RETCODE}
  fi
  
#### If the digit only option was selected on the command
#### line, then the minimum number of other characters, the
#### minimum number of alphabetic characters, and the minimum
#### number of symbols must all be zero (0).
  
  (( ++RETCODE ))
  if (( ( DONLY == TRUE ) && 
     ( MINALPHA  != 0 ||
       MINOTHER  != 0 ||
       MINSYMBOL != 0 ) ))
  then
    print -u 2 "# ERROR: DIGIT ONLY command line option was selected, therefore"
    print -u 2 "#        MINALPHA, MINOTHER, AND MINSYMBOL values must be zero."
    return ${RETCODE}
  fi
  
#### If the symbol only option was selected on the command
#### line, then the minimum number of alphabetic characters,
#### the minimum number of other characters, and the minimum
#### number of symbols must all be zero (0).
  
  (( ++RETCODE ))
  if (( ( SONLY == TRUE ) && 
     ( MINALPHA  != 0 ||
       MINOTHER  != 0 ||
       MINDIGIT  != 0 ) ))
  then
    print -u 2 "# ERROR: SYMBOL ONLY command line option was selected, therefore"
    print -u 2 "#        MINALPHA, MINOTHER, AND MINDIGIT values must be zero."
    return ${RETCODE}
  fi

#### If the convert to lowercase letters option was selected
#### on the command line, then the minimum number of
#### uppercase letters must be zero (0).
  
  (( ++RETCODE ))
  if (( ( LONLY == TRUE ) && ( MINUPPER  != 0 ) ))
  then
    print -u 2 "# ERROR: Convert to LOWERCASE command line option was selected, therefore"
    print -u 2 "#        MINUPPER value must be zero."
    return ${RETCODE}
  fi
  
#### If the convert to uppercase letters option was selected
#### on the command line, then the minimum number of
#### lowercase letters must be zero (0).
  
  (( ++RETCODE ))
  if (( ( UONLY == TRUE ) && ( MINLOWER  != 0 ) ))
  then
    print -u 2 "# ERROR: Convert to UPPERCASE command line option was selected, therefore"
    print -u 2 "#        MINLOWER value must be zero."
    return ${RETCODE}
  fi

#### If the alphabetic only option was selected on the
#### command line, then the alphanumeric, digit, and symbol
#### only options must not be selected.
  
  (( ++RETCODE ))
  if (( AONLY == TRUE && ( NONLY == TRUE || DONLY == TRUE || SONLY == TRUE ) ))
  then
    print -u 2 "# ERROR: ALPHA ONLY command line option was selected, therefore"
    print -u 2 "#        ALPHANUMERIC, DIGIT, and SYMBOL ONLY options must not be selected."
    return ${RETCODE}
  fi
  
#### If the alphanumeric only option was selected on the
#### command line, then the alphabetic, digit, and symbol
#### only options must not be selected.
  
  (( ++RETCODE ))
  if (( NONLY == TRUE && ( DONLY == TRUE || SONLY == TRUE || AONLY == TRUE ) ))
  then
    print -u 2 "# ERROR: ALPHANUMERIC ONLY command line option was selected, therefore"
    print -u 2 "#        ALPHA, DIGIT, and SYMBOL ONLY options must not be selected."
    return ${RETCODE}
  fi
  
#### If the digit only option was selected on the command
#### line, then the alphabetic, alphanumeric, and symbol only
#### options must not be selected.
  
  (( ++RETCODE ))
  if (( DONLY == TRUE && ( SONLY == TRUE || AONLY == TRUE || NONLY == TRUE ) ))
  then
    print -u 2 "# ERROR: DIGIT ONLY command line option was selected, therefore"
    print -u 2 "#        ALPHA, ALPHANUMERIC, and SYMBOL ONLY options must not be selected."
    return ${RETCODE}
  fi
  
#### If the symbol only option was selected on the command
#### line, then the alphabetic, alphanumeric, and digit only
#### options must not be selected.
  
  (( ++RETCODE ))
  if (( SONLY == TRUE && ( AONLY == TRUE || NONLY == TRUE || DONLY == TRUE ) ))
  then
    print -u 2 "# ERROR: SYMBOL ONLY command line option was selected, therefore"
    print -u 2 "#        ALPHA, ALPHANUMERIC, and DIGIT only options must not be selected."
    return ${RETCODE}
  fi
  
  RETCODE="0"
  
  trap "-" EXIT
  
################################################################

  (( VERYVERB == TRUE )) && set -x

  (( VERBOSE == TRUE )) && print -u 2 -- "# Min length of random password string: ${MINIMUM}"
  (( VERBOSE == TRUE )) && print -u 2 -- "# Max length of random password string: ${MAXIMUM}"

#### 
#### Calculate a random length for the random password string between the
#### MINIMUM and MAXIMUM values provided
#### 

  (( MAXIMUM != MINIMUM )) && (( MAXIMUM++ ))
  (( MINIMUM == MAXIMUM )) &&
    MAXLEN=${MINIMUM} ||
    MAXLEN=$(( MINIMUM + ( RANDOM % ( MAXIMUM - MINIMUM ) ) ))

#### Test the randomly generated password to see if it
#### conforms to the security requirements provided by
#### default or from options provided on the command line. 
#### If not, regenerate a new password and retest.

  while (( OTHER   < MINOTHER  )) ||
        (( ALPHA   < MINALPHA  )) ||
        (( LOWER   < MINLOWER  )) ||
        (( UPPER   < MINUPPER  )) ||
        (( DIGIT   < MINDIGIT  )) ||
        (( SYMBOL  < MINSYMBOL )) ||
        (( REPEATS > ( MAXREPEATS + 1 ) ))
  do
    (( VERBOSE == TRUE )) && print -u 2 -- "#\n# Iteration: $(( ++ITERATION ))"

#### 
#### Re-Calculate a random length for the random password string between the
#### MINIMUM and MAXIMUM values provided
#### 

  (( MINIMUM == MAXIMUM )) &&
    MAXLEN=${MINIMUM} ||
    MAXLEN=$(( MINIMUM + ( RANDOM % ( MAXIMUM - MINIMUM ) ) ))

  (( VERBOSE == TRUE )) && print -u 2 -- "# Actual length of random password string: ${MAXLEN}"
  
#### 
#### extract a random character from the CHARS array for each position
#### of the random password string. The length of the random string 
#### determined by the MAXLEN variable.
#### 

    RANDSTR=""
    for (( POSCNT=0; POSCNT < MAXLEN; ++POSCNT ))
    do

#### 
#### Using the modulo of a random number divided by the number of 
#### characters (array elements) in the CHARS array, provides a
#### random array element position.  The random array element position
#### is used to append a single character at a time from the CHARS array
#### onto the random password string variable RANDSTR.
#### 

      RANDSTR="${RANDSTR}${CHARS[${RANDOM}%${CNUM}]}"

    done

#### Determine the number of alphabetic characters in the password
    typeset AVAL="${RANDSTR//[[:digit:][:punct:]]/}"
    ALPHA="${#AVAL}"

#### Determine the number of non-alphabetic characters in the password
    typeset OVAL="${RANDSTR//[[:lower:][:upper:]]/}"
    OTHER="${#OVAL}"

#### Determine the number of alphanumeric characters in the password
    typeset NVAL="${RANDSTR//[[:punct:]]/}"
    ALNUM="${#NVAL}"

#### Determine the number of lowercase letters in the password
    typeset LVAL="${RANDSTR//[[:upper:][:digit:][:punct:]]/}"
    LOWER="${#LVAL}"

#### Determine the number of uppercase letters in the password
    typeset UVAL="${RANDSTR//[[:lower:][:digit:][:punct:]]/}"
    UPPER="${#UVAL}"

#### Determine the number of digits in the password
    typeset DVAL="${RANDSTR//[[:lower:][:upper:][:punct:]]/}"
    DIGIT="${#DVAL}"

#### Determine the number of punctuation symbols in the password
    typeset SVAL="${RANDSTR//[[:lower:][:upper:][:digit:]]/}"
    SYMBOL="${#SVAL}"

#### Determine how many times each character occurs in the password
    typeset REPEATS="-1"
    unset ARY
    typeset -A ARY

    for (( POSCNT=0; POSCNT < MAXLEN; ++POSCNT ))
    do
      (( ARY[${RANDSTR:POSCNT:1}] = ${ARY[${RANDSTR:POSCNT:1}]:-0} + 1 ))
    done

#### Determine the maximum value of repeated characters in the password
    for IVAL in "${!ARY[@]}"
    do
        VAL="${ARY[${IVAL}]}"
        (( VAL > REPEATS )) && REPEATS="${VAL}" && RVAL="${IVAL}"
    done

    if (( VERBOSE == TRUE ))
    then
      print -u 2 -- "# Randomly generated password:|${RANDSTR}|"
      print -u 2 -- "# Min Alpha  Chars: wanted at least ${MINALPHA}: got ${ALPHA}: ${AVAL}"
      print -u 2 -- "# Min Other  Chars: wanted at least ${MINOTHER}: got ${OTHER}: ${OVAL}"
      print -u 2 -- "# Min Lower  Chars: wanted at least ${MINLOWER}: got ${LOWER}: ${LVAL}"
      print -u 2 -- "# Min Upper  Chars: wanted at least ${MINUPPER}: got ${UPPER}: ${UVAL}"
      print -u 2 -- "# Min Digit  Chars: wanted at least ${MINDIGIT}: got ${DIGIT}: ${DVAL}"
      print -u 2 -- "# Min Symbol Chars: wanted at least ${MINSYMBOL}: got ${SYMBOL}: ${SVAL}"
      print -u 2 -- "# Max Repeat Chars: wanted at  most ${MAXREPEATS}: got $(( REPEATS - 1)): ${RVAL} "
    fi

  done

  print -r -- "${RANDSTR}"
  return 0
}
################################################################

mkrandpwd_k93 "${@}"

-
Create Password
-
 


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Virtualization/Consolidation

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Manage Remote AIX / i5 LPARs

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Business Web Site Hosting
$3.99 / month includes Tools,
Shopping Cart, Site Builder

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Disaster Recovery
Small Business Oriented
Off-Site Facilities

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IBM pSeries / iSeries
Reduce your Costs
Off-Site Server Hosting

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